WESTERN CIVILIZATION, EUROATLANTIC INTEGRATIONS, AND GLOBALIZATION
In the context of Regional studies, this Department is handling questions, issues and phenomena of the Western Civilization, Western societies and states in Globalization times. It is theoretically anchored in philosophy and western culture as well as the Mediterranean as the 'center of the World' according to Hegel in ‘Philosophy of History'.
Philosophy and Western culture have, through their system of values influenced other cultures and civilizations. In the philosophical and cultural sense, the West is not defined as a geographic side of the World but as a values system with planetary-scale influence.
The West represents 'the Old World' or Europe which is rooted in Mediterranean and multicultural European identity; its main characteristics are Christianity, Greek culture, Roman law, Humanism and Renaissance, Rationalism and Enlightenment. This identity was also influenced by Jewish and Muslim culture, especially regarding Arab – Greek cultural linkages.
The 'New World' represents North America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and Middle and South America.
Mediterranean and Europe have largely contributed to the creation of this New World. They have influenced it through their values in the context of Mediterranean’s influence on the old and New World as described by Ferdinand Braudel. All these civilizational values of both the old and the new world are summed up in the notion of Atlanticism or 'waveocracy'
This concept describes the link between the old and New World, as stated by Hegel in ‘Philosophy of History’. It is the backbone that manifests through individualism, freedom, human and citizen rights, rule of law and liberal democracy and thus being the complete opposite to the Orient, as one can read in Hegel's abovementioned History of Philosophy.
At the institutional level, this civilizational framework of the West, which today means the real world we live in, is based on the Euro-Atlantic integration.
The focus of this Department are the cultures of Western civilization societies, the European Union and NATO. Attention is focused on conceptual issues of the European Union, which is torn between cosmopolitanism, populism nationalism, xenophobia, racism, and immigration crisis, which threatens to transform the identity of Europe and the European Union. Europe is marred with conceptual tension like less and more integration, federalism and confederation, sovereignty, Euroscepticism and the Titanic scenario, which became reality after Brexit and immigration crisis, and different modalities of democracy: liberal, illiberal (Hungary, Poland) and post-democracy.
A special place in the research and analytics of the Department is given to the second modernization of the World in the form of globalization, and various dimensions like historical, economic, technological, political, communicational, cultural, and demographic dimension.
Of course, research is conducted bearing in mind the EU, the Republic of Croatia that is an EU and NATO member and is as such a part of the discourse on Western civilization.
Western civilization and Atlanticism as its expression of values, needs to be observed through the lens of change in the geopolitical picture of the world and the role of Russia in the big picture. There are issues of deconstruction, unipolar globalization, creation of a multipolar world, the EU's approach to enlargement in the Balkans, the influence of Russia and Turkey in the Balkans, competition between Atlanticism, new Eurasianism and Neo-Osmanism, which are sometimes colliding and sometimes close to converging, like the case of Western Balkan sin relation to the Wester Balcony (EU and Atlanticism). Sometimes they play mutual games of interests and bring worries to Western Civilization, above all on the political institutional level.
In the history of civilization, there are some constants, especially between Europe and Russia, which was observed in 1860 by Russian philosopher Danilevsky, in his book Russia and Europe. There are some constants in the relations between the Ottoman world and Europe, such as Neo-Ottomanism. Today Europe is faces refugee crisis in which Turkey plays the lead role and holds the key to the future identity of the EU.
In the context of its own mission, the Department will deal with the phenomena of Western civilization, modern globalized World and will reflect on the society and the State in which we live.
Our approach is based on research and analysis. Its objective and highly interactive, because the world we live in fact a global network of interaction, where the events on a global scale (macrocosm) influence micro-level (microcosm).
Arthur Schopenhauer said that the world is the will and the show. Be it as it may, it is shaped by political will of its actors and is represented by the media according to their values and interests.
Ph.D. Andjelko Milardovic